Frequently asked questions about the Drive Project

What is Drive?
What are the goals of Drive?
Who will Drive work with?
What methods will Drive employ to change behaviour?
Will there be sanctions if perpetrators do not engage?
How will victims’ safety be protected?
How will the project be evaluated?
How will Drive be scaled up?
Who are the partners in the project?

What is Drive?

Drive challenges perpetrators of domestic abuse. It will develop, test and evaluate a new model to fundamentally change perpetrator behaviour to make victims and families safe. To reduce the number of victims, we must reduce the number of perpetrators.

It will change the public narrative from ‘why doesn’t she leave’ to ‘why doesn’t he stop?’.

Drive is a project that will both challenge and support perpetrators to change their behaviour, while always holding them to account.

The pilot programmes will be delivered in Essex, South Wales and West Sussex by a cross-sector group of stakeholders and delivery partners. The Drive Partnership is made up of Respect, SafeLives and Social Finance. It is funded by Lloyds Bank Foundation for England and Wales, Tudor Trust and the Police and Crime Commissioners in all three areas. The project has also benefited from local authority support.

What are the goals of Drive?

  • To reduce the number of repeat and new victims
  • To reduce the harm caused to victims and children
  • To reduce the number of serial perpetrators of domestic abuse
  • To intervene earlier to protect families living with the most harmful domestic abuse
  • To develop an evidence-based approach that has the potential to become a model for wider use.
  • To provide an interventions for perpetrators who are not eligible for a Domestic Violence Perpetrator Programme (DVPP).

Who will Drive work with?

Drive will focus on high-risk/serial perpetrators.

Where/how will the pilot run?

The three year pilot will run in West Sussex, South Wales and Essex from April 2016. Each site will aim to work with around 100 perpetrators per year for three years. It will build on existing services and interventions to maximise impact, providing a coordinated multi-agency response to challenge the perpetrator’s behaviour, while ensuring there is support for the victim.

What methods will Drive employ to change behaviour?

Case managers will work with perpetrators on a one-to-one basis. They will employ a dual support and challenge strategy; this means supporting people to address issues that might contribute to their abusive behavior while ensuring they experience the full consequence if they continue to be violent and abusive.

Support could entail addressing mental health issues, housing and employment support, substance misuse support, and behavioural change programmes; while also working with the criminal justice system and local agencies to challenge their behaviour if it remains abusive.

Will there be sanctions if perpetrators do not engage?

The Drive Project will challenge perpetrators to change; ensuring they are held to account, with the full force of the law, if they continue their abusive behaviour.

Our main priority is that victims remain safe. If a perpetrator breaks the law, they will be held to account. The caseworker will work closely with the police, probation or youth offending services as appropriate, to address and reduce their abusive behaviour and to keep victims safe. This could include arrest for nondomestic abuse crime (such as drink driving or possession of illegal drugs).

How will victims’ safety be protected?

Victim and child safety is paramount and is the key priority of the Drive Project. Victims will be offered support from an Idva (domestic violence professional), or other caseworker if appropriate, for the full period of the Drive intervention for their partner or ex-partner. In practice however, no project can fully assure the safety of a victim given the nature of their partner or ex-partners’ abusive behaviour.

How will the project be evaluated?

There will be independent academic evaluation. This will assess the efficacy and sustainability of the intervention, including a cost benefit analysis. The evaluation will cover:

  • Longitudinal assessment of outcomes such as reduced repeat abuse, level of violence and abuse and improved outcomes for victims and children.
  • Outcomes will be measured for a significant period of time post-interventions to establish whether changes are sustainable
  • Evaluation of the model and key features; an understanding of the contextual factors that promote or inhibit implementation and effectiveness.

Who is funding Drive?

  • Lloyds Bank Foundation for England and Wales and the Tudor Trust are supporting costs of developing the model and evaluation
  • Sussex, Essex and South Wales’s Police Crime Commissioners are committed to fund the local delivery costs
  • Drive also benefited from local authority support.
  • We are awaiting decisions on other funding streams.

How will Drive be scaled up?

The evaluation will assess the costs and financial benefits of the intervention, and establish if there is a human and economic case for national roll-out. If the intervention is proven to be effective – we hope it will be taken up by more areas and become a national response. We will use the learning from the evaluation to inform commissioning and delivery of services for perpetrators nationally; with a view to integrating the intervention into a whole family response and widening it to address risk at any level. We will develop the replication model once evidence starts to emerge about the level of effectiveness and the conditions that are necessary for this.

Who are the partners in the project?

  • Respect: the main UK membership organisation working with domestic violence perpetrators, male victims and young people. It has developed standards and accreditation, and provides training and support to improve responses to adults using violence and abuse in intimate relationships. Respect accreditation is the benchmark for the provision of quality interventions with men who use violence against their female partners.
  • SafeLives: a national charity dedicated to ending domestic abuse. It combines support for local services with hard data to find out what works. Then it does everything it can to make sure families everywhere benefit. Over the past 10 years, SafeLives has developed and implemented a new approach to supporting the highest risk victims of domestic abuse, combining the specialist support of an Idva with the resources of local multi agency partners. This approach now supports over 60,000 victims annually. SafeLives new strategy addresses the needs of the whole family – including perpetrators.
  • Social Finance: not-for-profit organisation that partners with the government, social sector and the financial community to find better ways of tackling social problems in the UK and beyond. It has mobilised £100 million of investment and designed a series of programmes, including the Social Impact Bond model, to tackle social challenges including rehabilitating short sentenced offenders, supporting vulnerable adolescents to avoid being taken into care and helping vulnerable youth access employment. Drive is an initiative of Social Finance’s Impact Incubator. The Impact Incubator is a collaboration between charitable foundations and Social Finance to develop new social business models in areas of acute social need.

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